Moving Units That sense of counting objects will be moved to manipulating them. Students will next move them in groups to find totals and compare them to find differences of groups of units. As students become more fluent in this process they gain strong number sense. Even after students move out of the initial part of learning this fluency, it will be revisited again and again during the fluency section of each lesson as described in detail in the previous article, How to Set the Stage for Eureka Math - Understanding the Lesson Structure.
Multiplying and Dividing Units Once students have a strong sense of place value and groups of units, they will understand the concepts of multiplication and division. In this case, students are making groups of units and finding the total or dividing total of units into equal groups. They are given opportunities to create even stronger fluency patterns. Now jumping on from adding two groups to multiplying 5 groups or subtraction to find a difference to creating groups of a total amount. The sense of unit remains the same yet it is more complex. That foundation of units is very important when the computation becomes this complex. Problem Solving Think of problem solving now. Students are combining the concept of reading comprehension, devising a plan, and executing a solution to a problem presented with an algorithm. This may be in the form of one or more steps needed to solve. With the firm skill and knowledge of units, they are able to apply the skills needed. Fractions, Measurement, and Volume Units are threaded through the measurement modules as well! In fractions, when forming a fractional unit it is the segment created. In measurement and volume as well, the units are segments of the whole as they are counted, added, and subtracted with algorithms. These concepts can be a challenge at times. This connection creates a sense of patterns that are familiar and easily applied. Units are the Foundation of Your Eureka Math Curriculum
So as you can see, the base foundation of units thread into each component of math all the way up. When students are taught the concept of units to mastery early on, it really provides them with an advantage to be successful with the building on of each new concept as they learn and grow. We know how useful and important this concept is for our students, but let’s take a peek of how it balances and builds our curriculum work for instruction and planning:
The Eureka Math resources provide us with how to use best practices as well as create a solid base on how to provide the best curriculum that deepens and strengthens with each level and concept.
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