When students are first introduced to measuring length, they are using a benchmark or a standard form of measurement first. This can be a paper clip or a cube. The students begin by figuring out how long an object is with the standard form of measurement. One activity you can use with the students is to show why we all need to use a standard form of measure is to have the students measure with their own feet how many foot lengths the carpet is. Each student will come up with a different number. I love these activities, because it helps solidify the concept that we all have to use a standard form of measurement. Students are also taught how to measure an object using spatial skills. It is very important for young learners to be sure they are lining up the object they are measuring correctly to get an accurate measurement. The pictorial problems in the learn workbook also support this skill.
It is important to stick to the philosophy or Eureka Math with teaching capacity. This is to start off the activities very concrete, then move to the pictorial activities which are provided on the worksheets or in the workbooks. Finally, students will be exposed to only the form of measurement label in problem solving using capacity. Some great activities are to show students different ways to measure capacity with measuring cups. Allow students to work in groups and measure and compare water with different types of capacity measurements. Then students can relate the pictures in the workbook to the activity. This will allow students to make deep connections and understand how to measure capacity.
When introducing how to measure weight with Eureka Math, it is a lot like introducing the other measurement topics. One tip is to use a balance scale and allow students to find small objects to measure and compare the weight of different objects and find ones that share the same weight. You can also compare the weight of a small object to the amount of paper clips that share the same weight. Using a balance scale will provide the background knowledge needed when the students encounter a picture of a balance scale in the workbook pages. Students can easily translate between the physical balance scale and the picture of one. With this practice, students will be able to easily transfer the concept of weight into problem story problems. These problems will also review fluency concepts.
With the Eureka Math program, students learn to collect and measure data in a variety of ways. Students learn to collect and represent data using bar graphs, pictographs, and line plots throughout the program. The most important concept is that students understand that data is a collection of information and the type of graph they use is how to show this data in a meaningful way. After the data is transferred into a graph, students can easily use the information to solve problems. To introduce bar graphs in a meaningful way, one activity is to use the students’ information. Take a survey of the students favorite ice cream flavor or birthdays. This will involve the students personally in the data. The workbook pages are closely related to real world problems to engage students and help make meaning of how data is collected and used.
Keeping the Consistency
The Eureka Math program allows students to be involved in their learning from the very beginning of the program. This will continue to be built upon as students move up into the upper grades. The basic concepts are shown to the students again, however they become more advanced and provide a deeper way of problem solving.
Practice with the students the vocabulary right away and consistently. Using a word wall or poster for each form of measurement with the abbreviations such as Length= cm, in, m, mm, and Weight= lb, oz, mg, g, will be a great reference for when they move into problem solving using measurement.
Using the hands-on activities and tools in the early grades only creates a strong platform for students to build on as they advance in this program.
- Classroom Teacher
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