Students can become very empowered by learning about metacognition, as well. The notion of neuroplasticity means that the brain is malleable - we can actually change our brains! That power, which we all possess, can revolutionize learning in a child.
For example, maybe during Kindergarten, first and second grade, the student experienced little success in school. But then, after learning about how we can change our brains, the student sees some possibility of hope. He begins thinking positively, working harder, taking accountability, and begins changing for the better.
How to Improve Metacognition
Think Aloud It is important for students to hear the adults in their lives engaging in thinking. Below are some examples:
• demonstrating a math problem - talk through the steps out loud as you do them
• during a read-aloud - comment on what happens in the book - make and check predictions - justify inferences
• assembling something - talk through the instructions, pointing out what you do and don’t understand
Create and Maintain Relationships With Students
Students need a safe place to be vulnerable, as the gist of metacognition is identifying what you do and do NOT know. This safe place isn’t automatic by any means, but takes a lot of time and effort to construct and maintain.
When students know he can trust you, he’s more likely to be open and honest about communication and learning.
Give Students Practice Recognizing What They Don’t Understand
Learning should be a struggle. If it’s not somewhat challenging, then learning is not happening. Identifying one’s lack of understanding is an important part of the learning process. Being able to articulate, “I understand everything up to this point, and then it falls apart for me,” is a big step in comprehension.
How Does Working Memory Impact Learning?
Working memory can be thought of as the GPS system of the brain - it helps keep you on time, on track, and in control. It is a critical part of learning how to decode and comprehend in the reading process, as well as manipulating numbers and performing calculations in math.
Aside from showing difficulties in reading and math, signs of a deficit in the area of working memory include abandoning projects before finishing, forgetting instructions, and daydreaming.
How to Improve Working Memory
One strategy that seems to be effective in improving working memory is meditation and mindfulness. Meditation has been shown to reduce mind-wandering and keeping the learner in the present.
When all EF Skills are working optimally, day-to-day life is much easier to manage. The next time you’re walking out the door and you DON’T forget anything - thank your Executive Functioning Skills!
About My Guest Blogger
- Classroom Teacher
This website uses marketing and tracking technologies. Opting out of this will opt you out of all cookies, except for those needed to run the website. Note that some products may not work as well without tracking cookies.Opt Out of Cookies