Real World Connection
When introducing the concept of multiplication for the first time, think of ways to connect to students’ lives. One fun way to connect students is to make up stories using students in the class. You can create scenarios such as, “Madison has five friends. She gives each friend four cookies. How many cookies are there in all?” Students in the class can model this by standing up in front of the class and holding groups of cookies. The other students in the class can easily see that each child is holding a group and multiplication is the concept of adding equal groups or repeated addition. Invite students to watch for ways they are using multiplication already in their everyday lives and share stories about what happened with their families to add up equal groups.
Adding Equal Groups
The concept of adding equal groups is introduced and this shows students what repeated addition or multiplication is in a concrete form. Students can participate in group activities using unifix cubes to work out problems of how to find a total by adding equal groups. You can continue to create scenarios and group work with any objects you have in the classroom. When students keep repeating the concept of adding equal groups they will have a good understanding of what the basic skill of multiplication is.
After students are strong with this method then it is time to introduce the array. This is the pictorial form or equal groups to show multiplication. An array is a picture of equal rows. Once students learn what an array is, they can continue to branch off of the concrete method of making equal groups by moving items into equal rows. Next, introduce the language of _____groups of _______ is______. This will help students to identify how many rows and how many in each row first. Then students will be able to add them up to find a total. Students are provided with many examples of arrays and templates in the Learn workbook to support your instruction. Students are also provided with more reinforcement in the homework book.
Finally, students will be ready to learn the multiplication equation. This is an abstract form of multiplication. First, relate the equation to the array. The Eureka Math program provides the gradual release of relating the equation to the array. Students are given many opportunities to fill in the blanks in the sentence template like ______ groups of _______ is________. Then the equation is groups X in each group= total. This means that 3 groups of 5 is the same as 3 X 5. Once students make this connection they will also connect that multiplication follows the commutative property. They will find that 3 groups of 5 will give the same total as 5 groups of 3. Then 3x5 is the same total as 5x3.
When the students have become comfortable with the concept of multiplication, they will be ready to become fluent with multiplication facts. The Eureka Math program provides many opportunities to reinforce multiplication fact fluency with the Sprint workbook pages. You can also provide support to keep students practicing the multiplication facts while having fun too!
Introducing students to multiplication games will help them to learn their multiplication fact fluently. It will also provide a fun atmosphere and excitement with multiplication.
Multiplication Kickball- Take the class outside and grab a kickball. Divide the class into two lines. One line is the pitchers and one line is the kickers. A pitcher will roll the ball and say a multiplication fact. As the kicker kicks the ball they will say the answer. Rotate students through each line.
Multiplication War- Provide students with a deck of cards and remove the face cards. The students divide the deck in half. Each student puts down the next card in their pile. As both of the cards are flipped each person says the product of the two numbers turned. Whoever says the product first takes the cards. The person with the whole deck wins.
Multiplication is a unit students are excited for and look forward to. They make strong connections to the concepts and have fun learning their facts.
- Classroom Teacher
This website uses marketing and tracking technologies. Opting out of this will opt you out of all cookies, except for those needed to run the website. Note that some products may not work as well without tracking cookies.Opt Out of Cookies